Air container types

There are several types of air containers used for transporting goods via air freight. These containers are designed to accommodate various types of cargo and to ensure their safety and security during air transport. Some common types of air containers include:

  1. ULD (Unit Load Device): These standardized containers are used for various types of cargo, including baggage, bulk cargo, and perishable goods. They come in different sizes, such as LD-3, LD-8, and LD-9, and are designed to fit inside the cargo holds of various aircraft.
  2. Pallets: Air cargo pallets are used to transport loose or palletized cargo. They are typically loaded onto ULDs for easy handling and transportation.
  3. IATA Type 1 Container: These containers are designed for general cargo and come in various sizes. They are often used for transporting items like textiles, electronics, and industrial equipment.
  4. Refrigerated Containers (Reefer Containers): These containers are equipped with cooling or heating systems and are used for transporting perishable goods, such as fruits, vegetables, pharmaceuticals, and other temperature-sensitive cargo.
  5. Flat Racks: Flat racks are used for oversized or irregularly shaped cargo, including machinery and vehicles. They have collapsible or removable sides and ends for flexibility.
  6. Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) Containers: These containers are specially designed and labeled for the safe transport of hazardous materials, chemicals, and dangerous goods.
  7. Live Animal Containers: These containers are designed to transport live animals, such as pets or livestock, and are equipped with ventilation and temperature control features.
  8. Garment on Hanger (GOH) Containers: GOH containers are designed to transport clothing on hangers, minimizing the need for reprocessing garments upon arrival.
  9. High-Value Cargo Containers: These containers are equipped with enhanced security features to transport high-value goods, such as precious metals, electronics, or pharmaceuticals.
  10. Ventilated Containers: Ventilated containers are used for cargo that requires air circulation, such as fresh produce.

The choice of air container depends on the type of cargo being transported, its size, weight, and any specific requirements it may have. Air cargo carriers and freight forwarders select the appropriate container to ensure the safe and efficient transport of goods by air.